Johnston, Coal

Zip Code:


Latitude / Longitude:

34°25′4″N 96°29′40″W / 34.41778°N 96.49444°W / 34.41778


709 ft (216 m)

Time Zone:

Central (CST) (UTC-6)


Bromide is a town in Coal and Johnston counties in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The population was 165 at the 2010 census, a 1.2 percent increase from 163 at the 2000 census. The area around Bromide was noted for its mineral water springs, and the bromide content of the water gave the town its name. It was also noted for limestone quarrying and the potential to produce manganese. Proposals to promote economic growth from these assets never materialized.


Bromide was founded by Judge William H. Jackson, a former superintendent of the nearby Wapanucka Academy, who recognized the site near several mineral springs as a potential tourist attraction. The community was initially called Juanita (1905 – 1906), then Zenobia (1906 – 1907), before it was named Bromide. It incorporated in July 1908. Juanita and Zenobia were names of two of Jackson’s daughters. The name Bromide was chosen because of the high content of bromine in the mineral water.





Current Status:

Manganese (chemical symbol: Mn) ore was discovered in the vicinity of bromide in 1890. A report published by the U.S. Geological Service (USGS) stated that the ore deposits were small and could not yield high grade ore (more than 45 percent Mn. However, during World War I, steel producers began accepting ores as low as 35 percent Mn. The USGS report said that about 5,000 tons of ore containing 35 to 40 percent Mn could be produced from the Bromide area deposits. Oilman Robert Galbreath evidently thought this could become sufficiently profitable to be a worthwhile investment. However, the Great Depression put an end to the concept. The nearby Wapanucka Academy site is listed in the National Register of Historic Places (NR72001065).


Before Oklahoma statehood, the townsite was part of the Chickasaw Nation. Native Americans were well acquainted with the mineral springs in the area. The Chickasaws called these Oka-Alichi (Medicine Water) or Hopi Kuli (Salt Springs), and believed that the waters had medicinal power, especially for “rheumatism, diseases of the stomach, kidney and bladder aliments, nerve and skin problems”.